The right to education for Roma is characterised by serious human rights shortcomings and violations across Europe.
The full realisation of the right to education is not simply a question of access. A rights-based approach to education must be a holistic one, which takes into account all the factors in a child’s life that will impact on their educational outcomes.
The right to education encompasses access to education, educational quality and the environment in which education is provided. Recognising and respecting the human rights of children while they are in school – including respect for their identity, participation, and integrity is integral to a rights-based approach to education. Children will continue to be excluded from education unless measures are taken to address their rights to freedom from discrimination, to an adequate standard of living and to meaningful participation.
According to the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Roma are one of the most disadvantaged groups in education across the European Union (EU). Roma experience barriers to education, including poverty, racism, discrimination, poor housing and health conditions, and a lack of access to employment and social protection. These factors contribute to poor educational outcomes, such as issues with literacy and numeracy, early school leaving, intermittent school attendance, low educational attainment, and barriers to access further education and training